Also known as PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), PCOD occurs when a woman’s hormones are not balanced. Patients suffering from PCOD have from multiple cysts in their ovaries that lead to painful periods and difficulty in getting pregnant.
Patients who suffer from PCOD, are often obese. They may also notice excessive facial and body hair, and excessive acne on the face and back, due to high androgen levels. Along with the absence of ovulation, PCOD causes infertility. The condition affects girls and women in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
Typically, your doctor will ask for your medical history, including your menstrual cycles and weight fluctuations. They may also conduct a physical examination to check for excessive hair growth, acne and any resistance to insulin.
Some of the examinations that a doctor might conduct, include:
- Pelvic examination: Visually and manually inspecting your reproductive organs for growths or any abnormalities.
- Ultrasound: This is done to check the appearance of the ovaries and assess the thickness of the lining of the uterus.
- Blood tests: A blood test is usually conducted to check your hormone levels and exclude the causes for other abnormalities. The doctor might also ask for blood tests to measure your glucose tolerance, cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Other tests like screening for depression and anxiety, and obstructive sleep apnea, may also be recommended by the doctor.