Menopause

What is Menopause?

Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. It’s diagnosed after you’ve gone 12 months without a menstrual period. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s, but the average age is 49 – 50 in India

Menopause is a natural biological process. But the physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy or affect emotional health. There are many effective treatments available, from lifestyle adjustments to hormone therapy.

 

Symptoms

In the months or years leading up to menopause (perimenopause), you might experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night Sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism or lethargy
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness

Symptoms, including changes in bleeding pattern, are different for every woman. Most likely, you’ll experience some irregularity in your periods before they end.

Skipping periods during perimenopause is common and expected. Often, menstrual periods will skip a month and return, or skip several months and then start monthly cycles again for a few months. Cycles tend to become shorter, so they are closer together. Despite irregular periods, pregnancy is possible. If you’ve skipped a period but aren’t sure you’ve started the menopausal transition, consider a pregnancy test.

Complications

After menopause, your risk of certain medical conditions increases. Examples include:

  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. When your estrogen levels decline, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases. Heart disease is the leading cause of death among women after menopause as the protective effect of female hormone estrogen on the heart is lost.
  • Osteoporosis. This condition causes bones to become brittle and weak, leading to an increased risk of fractures.
  • Urinary incontinence. As the tissues of your vagina and urethra lose elasticity, you may experience frequent, sudden, strong urges to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence), or the loss of urine with coughing, laughing or lifting weights (stress incontinence).
  • Sexual function. Vaginal dryness from decreased moisture production and loss of elasticity can cause discomfort and pain during sexual intercourse. Also, decreased sensation may reduce your desire for sexual activity (loss of libido).
  • Weight gain. Many women gain weight during the menopausal transition and after menopause because metabolism slows. You may need to eat less and exercise more, just to maintain your current weight.

Hey

Dr Yuvakshi will call you back !

Please leave your contact details here to receive a call from doctor itself.

Your Contact No (required)

At what age does a woman typically reach menopause?

The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is not related to the age of menopause onset.

The average age of menopause in Indian women is 48-50 years old. However, there is no way to predict when an individual woman will have menopause or begin having symptoms suggestive of menopause. The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is also not related to the age of menopause onset. Most women reach menopause between the ages of 45 and 55, but menopause may occur as earlier as ages 30s or 40s, or may not occur until a woman reaches her 50s. As a rough “rule of thumb,” women tend to undergo menopause at an age similar to that of their mothers.

Perimenopause, often accompanied by irregularities in the menstrual cycle along with the typical symptoms of early menopause, can begin up to 10 years prior to the last menstrual period.